Holbein the Younger, Hans

(1497/1498-1543)
   German painter from Augsburg, trained by his father Hans Holbein the Elder, who was also a painter. In c. 1514, Holbein the Younger went to Basel where he entered the workshop of Hans Herbster. There he gained a reputation as a book illustrator, becoming employed by the publisher Johann Froben in 1516. In the years that Holbein was active, the Reformation had eliminated the need for altarpieces in the North because Protestants do not decorate their churches. Though Holbein did execute some religious works, he adapted to this situation in the art market by specializing in portraiture. In 1516, he painted the diptych portrait Jakob Meyre and His Wife Dorothea Kannengiesser (Basel, Kunstmuseum). Here the figures are set in an Italianate architectural backdrop, their faces modeled in great detail. In 1521, the humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam visited Basel and Holbein painted his portrait (c. 1523; Paris, Louvre), showing him in profile at a desk writing. In 1526, prompted by the worsening art market in Basel, Holbein left for England where, armed with letters of recommendation from Erasmus, he was able to obtain commissions from Sir Thomas More. For More, Holbein painted a family portrait, now known only through a drawing (1526; Basel, Kupferstichkabinett) he sent back to Erasmus in Basel—the earliest informal group portrait so far recognized. From this, Holbein created various single portraits of the More family, including the famed Sir Thomas More (1527) in the Frick Collection, New York. During a second trip to England (1532), Holbein painted one of his most remarkable portraits, The Ambassadors (1533; London, National Gallery), which depicts the French Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve, bishop of Lavour surrounded by books and instruments that cast the sitters as intellectuals. The most remarkable feature in this work is the anamorphic skull that floats in the foreground, thought to refer perhaps to Dinteville's heraldic device. In 1536, Holbein became court painter to Henry VIII of England. His portrait of the king in wedding attire is in the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome, and dates to 1539— 1540. Not only did Holbein work for the king as portraitist but also as mural painter, miniaturist, engraver, and jewelry and costume designer. Holbein died in England in 1543 from the plague.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Hans Holbein the Younger — (c. 1497 ndash; between 7 October and 29 November 1543) was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known for his numerous portraits and his woodcut series of the Dance of Death , and is widely… …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Holbein the Younger — Hans Holbein [Hans Holbein] (also called Hans Holbein the Younger) (1497–1543) a German painter who from 1526 lived and worked in England. He was made the official royal painter in 1536 and is best known for his paintings of King ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hans Holbein the Younger — ➡ Holbein * * * …   Universalium

  • Holbein the Younger — noun German painter and engraver noted for his portraits; he was commissioned by Henry VIII to provide portraits of the English king s prospective brides (1497 1543) • Syn: ↑Holbein, ↑Hans Holbein • Instance Hypernyms: ↑old master, ↑engraver …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hans Holbein (The Elder) —     Hans Holbein     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Hans Holbein     (The Elder Holbein)     A German painter; b. at Augsburg about 1460; d. at Isenheim, Alsace, in 1524. Except that he was born in the Bavarian centre of art, culture, and commerce,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hans Holbein the Elder — Hans Holbein (c. 1460 ndash; 1524) was a German painter. [cite web|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07385a.htm|title=Hans Holbein|work=Catholic Encyclopedia |accessdate=2007 02 18] He was born in Augsburg, Bavaria and died in las angeles,… …   Wikipedia

  • the younger — 1 used in comparing the ages of two people who are members of the same family He s the younger of her two brothers. 2 used to refer to the younger of two people (such as a father and son) who have the same name the painters Hans Holbein the Elder …   Useful english dictionary

  • Holbein, Hans, the Younger — (b. 1497/98, Augsburg, Bishopric of Augsburg d. 1543, London, Eng.) German painter, draftsman, and designer renowned for the precise rendering of his drawings and the compelling realism of his portraits, particularly those recording the court of… …   Universalium

  • HOLBEIN, Hans The Younger — (1497/98 1543) Hans Holbein the Younger was born in Augsburg in 1497/98. His subsequent career, however, linked him more closely with Basel in Switzerland and, finally, London. Born some twenty five years after the great Albrecht Dürer,* Holbein… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Hans Holbein el Joven — Hans Holbein Hans Holbein el Joven Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

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